Dubrovnik History

Dubrovnik is rich with history. New studies are finding that Dubrovnik might have been established by Greek settlers in ancient times however, it is widely accepted that the city was established in the 7th century as a refuge from the nearby city of Epidaurum. After the fall of the Ostrogothic Kingdom, Dubrovnik came under the protection of the Byzantine Empire where it stayed under Byzantine rule until after the Crusades when Dubrovnik came under sovereignty of Venice. A fire destroyed most of the city in 1296 and a new urban plan was developed. In 1358 Dubrovnik achieved relative independence as a vassal-state of the Kingdom of Hungary. In 1494 Dubrovnik became it's own republic and ruled itself as a free state. The Republic of Dubrovnik reached its peak in the 15th and 16th centuries, when its thalassocracy rivalled that of the Republic of Venice and other Italian maritime replublics. It gained its prosperity through maritime trade and had a fleet of 180 to 200 ships. It was during this time that larger and larger ships were being built and travelling longer and longer distances. They were sailing the Mediterranean and Black Seas and travelling to England, Germany and even across the seas to India and the Americas. Because of the maritime trade, Dubrovnik became a major cargo port and became an extremely prosperous republic.

Prosperity shaped the Republic of Dubrovnik into a very humanistic culture and also led to extraordinary achievements in the areas of architecture, literature, poetry and science. The 17th century brought the slow decline of Dubrovnik. In 1667 there was a catastrophic earthquake that destroyed most of the city. It could not have come at worse time as it was in this same period when maritime trade was in crisis causing the city to lose most of it's fortunes. The 18th century saw a revival of the maritime trade and Dubrovnik was able to trade under a neutral flag which brought Dubrovnik some prosperity. Unfortuneately the Republic of Dubrovnik was never able to achieve it's same prosperity from the 15th and 16th centuries. In 1808 Napoleon came in and dissolved the Republic of Dubrovnik. In 1815 it was joined with the other parts of Dalmatia and Croatia and since that time has shared a common political fate with them.

In 1991, Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia and in October of 1991, Dubrovnik was attacked by Serbia and Montinegro. Dubrovnik was occupied and significantly devastated during this time. Since then, however, it has been rebuilt and is once again one of the most visited regions on the Adriatic Sea.  

 Old town Dubrovniksail the beautifull adriatis sea

                           Old town Dubrovnik                                                                  Sailing in Dubrovnik

Dubrovnik is a coastal city that sits on the Adriatic Sea in the south of Croatia. The city of Dubrovnik is known for it's ancient city walls that surround the town. It has become one of the most prominent tourist resorts of the Mediterranean region. It is a seaport city that is at the center of the Dubrovnik-Neretva county and Its population was about 47.000 in 2010. Dubrovnik is nicknamed "Pearl of the Adriatic" and has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979. Dubrovnik's beach resorts and hotels are boasted to be some of the best in Europe. The Sea is always warm in the summer and Dubrovnik's hotels are full of tourists who come to witness the beauty of this city for themselves.                                                                                   

Dubrovnik main street StradunDubrovnik  view of sponza

                Dubrovnik Stradun                                                                  Main Street of Dubrovnik

Today Dubrovnik is the elite destination and one of the most beautiful towns in the Mediterranean. It was discovered by celebrities as a place to be seen. George Bernard Shaw once said that "those who seek paradise on Earth should come to Dubrovnik and find it". Royalty, presidents and diplomats have all made Dubrovnik their favorite place to vacation.

Banje beach by old townentrance to old port of dubrovnik

                                        Beach  Banja                                                         Entrance to old Port Dubrovnik

Dubrovnik was heavily bombed during the Croatian War of Independence from 1991 to 1995. While almost all of the damage has been repaired since the war, if you look closely around the old town, mortar damange in the cobblestone streets and bullet marks in the stone houses are still visible.

Stradun ,Dubrovnik main streetone of many yachts in Dubrovnik

                                          Stradun                                                                      One of many mega yachts

Stradun (Placa) is the central street of the city of Dubrovnik and is the place where the old city comes to life. During the day, explore the shades of the peripendicular streets and alleys on its sides, and during the night, take walks up and down the Stradun.

The night time is when the city really comes to life.The cafes, restaurants and clubs are filled with music and the sounds of laughter from young and old.  This is truly a place where people of all ages can enjoy themselves.  

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